The Danish word "hygge" relatively recently entered the everyday life of designers, but in a few years it has become one of the most used. It does not have a literal Russian translation, but an approximate analogue sounds like "comfort that brings happiness." This effect helps to obtain a Scandinavian style in the interior of the house, which is dominated by stylish minimalism combined with warm light, natural wood and fabrics. This article will tell you how to create it in your home.
- 1 The relevance of the Scandinavian style in the interior: photos of design options
- 2 Scandinavian style in the interior: the history of appearance and development
- 3 The main features of the Scandinavian interior: photo examples of the design of houses and apartments
- 4 The combination of styles in the interior: Scandinavian minimalism, loft and country
- 5 Scandinavian style in the interior of a country house: photos of different design options
- 6 Features of apartment decoration in a Scandinavian style
- 7 Design of different rooms in apartments in the Scandinavian style: photo examples of interiors
- 8 How to create a Scandinavian decor with your own hands
The relevance of the Scandinavian style in the interior: photos of design options
In the second decade of the 21st century, the Scandinavian style replaced American traditions in interior design. This is what trend analysts say. Designers are increasingly using the practical experience of Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, creating cozy minimalism in the home. Norwegians, Danes and Finns are not only adherents of their own special style, but also maximum comfort, which contributes to the formation of a lasting feeling of happiness as soon as they cross the threshold of the house. They gave one clear definition to this phenomenon - hygge.
The main goal of other design styles is coziness, comfort, convenience or luxury, but only Scandinavian aimed at making the residents of the house happy. Actually, for the inhabitants of the Scandinavian Peninsula, happiness lies not in individual things, but in a general feeling of home and a sense of security. Therefore, the status of furnishings is not important here; rather, on the contrary, modesty in the entourage comes to the fore, thus hygge is an opportunity to find happiness in everyday things.
Coziness in Scandinavian interior design lies in a number of seemingly unimportant little things, such as soft pillows, fluffy carpet, warm light, natural wood, soft blankets and crackling firewood in the fireplace. The style contains elements of country, minimalism and loft. Furniture is functional and comfortable budget models, devoid of decor but not beauty. The kitchen and living room are rooms where the interior of the house in the Scandinavian style is manifested as much as possible, because it is in these rooms that the whole family most often gathers together. The interior reflects as much as possible the character of the owners, their ideas about comfort, coziness and beauty.
Helpful advice! Typical Scandinavian design of the apartment - a free space with a maximum of light, reliable furniture of simple shapes, soft textiles in light colors and discreet decoration.
The laws of the genre Scandinavian style in the interior of the apartment or at home
The predominance of light colors in the interior is one of the most characteristic features inherent in the Scandinavian style. After all, white, like the king of flowers, creates the illusion of sunlight, which the northern countries lack so much. On the contrary, warm and dark shades absorb light. In order to maximize lighting in the design of a Scandinavian style apartment, a large number of different lamps are welcome.
The wood in the design of the rooms is also selected in light colors. Therefore, the most suitable options are bleached oak, birch, pine or ash wood. The main thing in northern-style furniture is laconicism, vintage elements are allowed. For example, a Scandinavian-style sofa might have curved legs, typical of the days of King Gustav of Denmark.
Textile elements bring special softness and comfort to the interior. At the same time, plain fabrics in combination with checkered and colorful patterns prevail. In textured terms, simple cotton, linen, satin materials or damask, muslin are used. Silk, velor, brocade and even tapestries are out of place here.
An open plan is also welcomed in the design of the premises. That is why they often combine the living room or dining room with the kitchen, which is typical for a studio apartment. The design of the Scandinavian style also allows the combination of a bedroom with an office or a library and the complete absence of partitions. This trick helps to maximize space and illuminate different areas with natural light.
Modesty is the hallmark of Scandinavian design. There is no luxury here, and the main feature is practicality. Even decor items must fulfill a specific function. The presence of one or two bright accents is welcomed, it can be furniture, a houseplant or a painting.
Scandinavian style in the interior: history of emergence and development
The Scandinavian style is considered one of the most popular styles of our time. At the same time, it is used not only by residents of northern Europe - in Iceland, Finland, Norway, Denmark or Sweden. Scandi adherents are inhabitants of states all over the world: from Australia to Great Britain. He won particular popularity in Russia. First of all, due to its brevity, lack of pomp and wealth.
In a Scandinavian style, the interior design brilliantly combines national traditions with international elements. The style itself does not originate from the culture of the northern countries, but from the special climatic conditions and geographical location.Despite its modernity, the formation of the style began three centuries ago.
Interesting to know! The style was significantly influenced by long, dark winters, which manifested itself in the predominance of white and the presence of crystal objects. Thus, a tribute to winter is paid, combined with the enjoyment of bright days.
Scandi first appeared during the reign of King Gustav III of Sweden in the 18th century. Prior to that, the northerners took an example in home improvement from the French, Italians, and English, where at that time classicism, baroque and rococo dominated. The Gustavian movement made a real revolution in the design of houses and became the predecessor of the Scandinavian style, which began to develop actively in the 19th century. The key tasks of the designers of those times were functionality and laconicism in interior design.
The style received a fresh breath in the 30s of the twentieth century, when at the International Exhibition Scandinavian designers presented interiors that combine beauty and practicality. After the introduction of the style in the United States in the 1950s, the Scandinavian style in interior design has gained worldwide popularity.
Who should choose a Scandinavian interior: photos of design options
Interiors of Scandinavian-style houses are presented in two versions.
- Swedish house design from the 18th to 19th century. It is chosen by people who want to emphasize their material wealth, but without pretentiousness and pronounced monumentality.
- Contemporary Scandinavian style that embodies softness, simplicity and functionality. In a house with this design, there are no antique furniture or paintings, while simple objects create home comfort.
It is the second option, which embodies practicality, naturalness, restraint and even a certain coldness, that is most often chosen by adherents of the Scandinavian design of an apartment. The photos clearly demonstrate an open love for nature, comfort and beauty of the premises.
The modern Scandinavian style is most suitable for decorating the home of owners who prefer northern traditions. The main role is played by both character traits and taste. This category includes people who love frosty freshness, cold colors and winter beauty of nature. In addition, such persons like freedom, practicality and brevity in the atmosphere.
This style direction will also appeal to connoisseurs of minimalism and space, combined with cold shades. You can successfully implement the Scandinavian style in the interior of a country house and in a city apartment. At the same time, do not neglect the help of an experienced designer who will tell you how to correctly place accents and think over every little thing.
Helpful advice! The Scandinavian style is perfect for many regions of Russia, as it involves compensating for the lack of daylight in the long autumn-winter period, which is typical for regions of high latitudes.
The main features of the Scandinavian interior: photo examples of the design of houses and apartments
The Scandinavian interior has its own distinctive features from other styles, which are expressed in the following features:
- functionality combined with minimalism. There is nothing superfluous in the rooms. There is only the most necessary furniture, a minimum of decor and additional details that carry a functional load. Additional space is visually created;
- abundance and dominance of light.In order to maximize the penetration of sunlight, large windows are chosen, which are decorated with transparent curtains. Curtains in a Scandinavian interior should be light, light, monochrome, without a pattern;
- elegant, practical furniture with simple straight or rounded shapes. Basically, these are spacious open cabinets that visually create additional space. Interior items are placed in such a way that they take up a minimum of space;
- the decoration uses natural and environmentally friendly materials and fabrics, such as wood, stone, gypsum, cotton, linen and wool;
- accessories are a variety of lamps - floor lamps, chandeliers, sconces, table lamps. Mirrors in decoration are welcome;
- the floors are covered, as a rule, with plain soft carpets or animal skins;
- the interior is dominated by light cold tones: white, blue, silver-gray, beige, let's say a light yellow tint. The theme of flowers is very important, so it's worth talking about in a separate section.
Scandinavian colors: the right choice of color combinations
White is a premium color in Northern European style. The hallmark of the Scandinavian-style room design is the snow-white ceiling and walls. The light finish carries a significant functional load, visually expanding the space, contributing to the maximum distribution of natural light and creating an excellent backdrop for the design of color accents. White is a versatile background on which virtually any furniture, decor items and houseplants look great.
Various combinations of white with other colors are permissible. For example, combining it with black or dark gray and wood surfaces will help create the foundation of a Scandinavian interior. Such a combination is considered universal, but the predominance of white is important, and a dark tone is used in dosage, as an accent. Wooden objects will perfectly complement the contrasting duo, will add natural warmth to the atmosphere of the house. It is important to use light woods, for example, as flooring or as furniture.
Helpful advice! Excessive whiteness dazzles, therefore, the use of color accents is no less important, since it is psychologically important to periodically focus on the bright elements of the environment.
White in a Scandinavian apartment interior is the main color, but not the only one. The presence of bright elements is one of the important features of the Scandinavian style. An example of a contrasting accent would be a single sofa or a pair of brown armchairs paired with matching curtains, carpet or tablecloth.
The combination of styles in the interior: Scandinavian minimalism, loft and country
The Scandinavian style can be presented both in its classic version and in combination with elements of other styles. The closest and most common combination is a combination of Scandi and minimalism, where restraint, calmness, closeness to nature and Scandinavian coldness are combined with features such as:
- clarity of geometric shapes;
Organization of design in a small apartment. Selection of accessories that complement the interior.
- restraint of colors;
- simplicity of materials;
- large windows;
- free space;
- built-in functional furniture;
- hidden lamps;
- the use of blinds instead of curtains;
- minimum or complete absence of decor.
Scandinavian loft in the interior is a special direction, where the thoughtful northern interior includes loft elements in the form of high ceilings and baseboards, ceiling beams, rough plaster and planks. Such apartments involve combining a kitchen with a living room. The predominance of white and wide windows corresponds to the interior design in the style of the Northern European countries.
Scandinavian country is a combination of a gentle rustic style with the cold restraint inherent in a northern interior. This design is characterized by a modest color scheme, wood elements not only on the floor, but also on the walls. Formwork, as a rule, performs not only a decorative role, but also creates additional warmth in the room. The must-haves are a fireplace, carved furniture and décor from local folklore. Common features of both styles: cool palette, light textiles and large space.
Scandinavian style in the interior of a country house: photo different design options
A Scandinavian-style country house is often called a Finnish house, a distinctive feature of the exterior of which is the intersection of wooden beams that form a kind of geometric pattern. This feature does not require additional facade finishing. Another distinctive feature is large windows for maximum illumination and low ceilings, which saves on heating fluids in winter. Most often, these houses are built of wood.
The Scandinavian style in the interior of a wooden house presupposes the presence of a large number of finishes, decor items and wooden furniture. The main design features of such a building are as follows:
Helpful advice! The walls in a country house are trimmed with wood or painted in light colors, which contributes to the creation of tranquility and comfort.
Photos of Scandinavian-style house interiors show a mixture of different design trends and styles that are radically different from each other. In addition to white, the design is dominated by the following colors: beige, pink, terracotta, as well as natural shades of light wood species. Windows and doors in the Scandinavian style are necessarily made of wood, and the walls are sheathed with clapboard. Bearing beams and ceilings, in addition to the main function, serve as additional decor in a wooden country house.
Lacquered wood floors contribute to the visual expansion of the space in the interior of the Scandinavian home. Photos inside the rooms also clearly demonstrate the widespread use of laminate, which is not inferior to wood flooring in terms of practicality.
Features of apartment decoration in a Scandinavian style
Small apartments are considered complex from the point of view of design, where, in the presence of a minimum area, it is necessary to manage to arrange all the necessary things and at the same time give the dwelling a special look. In this case, the best option is to create a Scandinavian-style interior for a small apartment. It will help create more light, with external simplicity, expand the functionality of the premises and visually expand the space.
The main distinguishing feature of apartments with a Scandinavian interior is the abundance of bright white, since the northern countries, which are the birthplace of the style, are characterized by long winters and short daylight hours. In addition, the design of the apartment in the Scandi style is distinguished by the following features:
- minimum of furniture;
- decor from bright textiles in the form of carpets, pillows and bedspreads;
- the presence of loft-style elements such as brick walls or industrial lighting;
- the presence of built-in wardrobes and open shelves;
- bunk sofas and a loft bed to save space;
- accents from wooden elements;
- large indoor plants;
- many lighting fixtures;
- cozy fireplace.
Removing partitions between the living room and kitchen, as well as the use of multifunctional furniture, helps to expand the usable space.
Design of different rooms in apartments in the Scandinavian style: photo examples of interiors
Giving preference to the Scandinavian style in the design of a living space, it is necessary to remember about the unity in the design of all rooms. Like most modern trends, scandi is not built on a list of specific rules, but on special techniques for its implementation. Scandinavian interiors can be assembled over several years, gradually filling up with furniture and decor items.
Helpful advice! The style is characterized by eclecticism, which is the combination of vintage furniture with elements of modern design and objects donated by nature. For example, a lacquered stump with a glass top can serve as a bedside table or coffee table. Animal horns and driftwood can act as a hanger or lamp.
Posters in the Scandinavian style look colorful in the interior design, which will become an excellent decor element. These are canvases with original drawings or photographs. They reflect Scandi's inherent simplicity combined with sophistication. Interesting options can be made in different colors, for example, to match the surrounding furniture or other interior items.
After analyzing the photo of the apartment's design in the Scandinavian style, you can see that lighting is an important accent. For this purpose, various convenient devices are used, ranging from light points to floor lamps and multi-lamp lamps. At the same time, a Scandinavian-style chandelier differs from its counterparts in other styles:
- monochrome, textured variety;
- brevity, lack of pretentiousness;
- natural inspiration;
- the presence of natural elements in the design in the form of driftwood, stones and fabrics.
Scandinavian-style hallway design
The entrance hall is the first room a person enters. Already here an idea of the design of the entire apartment is formed. Therefore, entering a house in the Scandinavian style, the simplicity and practicality of the environment in harmony with beauty and brevity will strike the eye. All this is expressed in clear forms, straight lines and modest furniture. Storage space for the most essential things is presented in the form of built-in wardrobes and shelves.
The wall decor in the Scandinavian style in the hallway or corridor, according to the rules of the genre, should be made in light colors, but exclusively from practical materials, so that there are no special hassles and problems with cleaning. In rooms with high traffic, it is allowed to paint the walls not in classic white, but in beige or light gray tones. The lower part of the walls can be decorated with wood panels.
In order for the Scandinavian style to be sustained to the end, three main color options must be present in the interior of the room - white, black and the texture of natural wood. The combination of contrasts should be dosed, which will allow you to create an original design of the entrance area, even with minimal furniture. The floor should be darker than the walls; the use of tiles or stone of cold tones is appropriate here.
The front door and all other interior doors that lead into the hallway must be made of natural wood, and their colors are close to natural tones. Hallway furnishings should include only the most essential items. This can be a mini-chest of drawers, a floor hanger or a small case for outerwear and a medium-sized mirror. It is better to arrange the lighting in the form of a pair of pendant chandeliers with light frosted glass shades.
Scandinavian style living room design: photo and sketches of design options
The living room is the heart of the house, since it is in this room that the whole family most often gathers and receives guests, therefore its design requires special attention.
Helpful advice! An effective accent in the living room can be cushions on the sofa and numerous lamps that give bright light, but have a simple shape. These are floor lamps, table lamps and chandeliers.
If everything is done correctly, then with a minimum of decor and furnishings, the room will be distinguished by that special comfort and coziness, which gives happiness, which the inhabitants of the Scandinavian Peninsula called hygge. The use of Scandinavian style in the interior of the living room will help you achieve what you want, having a practical and modern design that will not go out of fashion for a long time.
To achieve the goal, the owners will have to spend a fair amount of money on purchasing natural materials, which will soon pay off not only with their unique appearance, but also with their durability. The Scandinavian-style living room design, boring after a couple of years, is easy to update using new accessories and decor items. To do this, it is enough to replace the picture with an original poster or make colorful pillows on the sofa.
Window openings in a spacious living room can be left without drapery, which will allow the maximum amount of sunlight to enter the room. The attributes of a scandi-style room are snow-white walls and a ceiling. The floor is torn with boards or parquet. Upholstery of upholstered furniture should be made of natural fabrics such as linen or cotton. Light coffee tables with glass tops, voluminous indoor plants on stands are also welcome.
Scandinavian style room design: photo bedrooms and children's
The bedroom is the place that should give maximum comfort and tranquility, where it is easy to relax and gain strength. To create special comfort, it is advisable to decorate the wall at the head of the bed with natural wood, in other places - to cover it with one of the types of decorative plaster in pastel colors. The ceiling should be white to match the style. The floor is covered with parquet or laminate. A long pile rug or animal skin will be appropriate near the bed.
A rectangular double bed can be without a headboard. Two light bedside tables of an uncomplicated shape with small lamps with shades of frosted white glass complete the main composition. For storing things, it is better to equip a separate dressing room or use a built-in wardrobe, which will be practically invisible against the general background.
The Scandinavian design of a room for children involves the use of even a small room, but the window should be large, providing the room with maximum natural light.
Helpful advice!In the design of the bedroom, it is important to pay special attention to textiles. Bedspreads made of linen or cotton in pastel colors are welcome here; bright decorative pillows can become a color accent in the interior. A crystal chandelier on the ceiling will help create extra comfort in the room.
The main advantage of the Nordic style is the possibility of a gradual transformation of the interior, depending on the growing up of the child.The décor of the snow-white walls can be changed according to age. This also applies to textiles, lamps and furniture. A wardrobe, table and bed made of solid wood are ideal for a nursery. Toys, bookshelves, and posters can help create bold accents.
How to create a Scandinavian decor with your own hands
You can recreate the Scandinavian style in the interior of your own apartment yourself. But for this you need to stock up with special natural materials. As an example, you can use different photos of interiors. Scandinavian design is recreated in stages from top to bottom:
- Ceiling decoration. The surface is carefully leveled and covered with a smooth snow-white gypsum plaster. An alternative would be a suspended ceiling, but with a matte rather than shiny surface.
- Wall decoration. The style involves covering the walls with decorative plaster. One-color wallpaper of light colors with a beautiful texture or simple pattern is acceptable.
- The floor is carefully leveled and covered with parquet or laminate. It is desirable to match with natural wood, such as pine, which will add warmth to the room. If preference is given in favor of cold tones, then it is better to choose shades of gray.
- The furnishings include sofas and armchairs of simple shapes without intricate decor. Massive backs and catchy patterns in the upholstery are also excluded. The soft corner will be complemented by bright pillows and a wooden table with a glass top.
- A natural carpet should be laid on the floor near the sofa to match the upholstered furniture. From cabinet furniture, it is enough to place open bookshelves of an original shape, for example, in the form of honeycombs.
- The fireplace is an invariable attribute of a Scandinavian-style room. Photos of various design options clearly demonstrate this. For the purpose of practicality, the area near the fireplace is made of white brick, and the floor within a radius of a meter is covered with stone or tiles.
- For maximum illumination, it is best to use a crystal or glass chandelier with a design similar to crystals or ice.
The Scandinavian style has gained particular popularity due to its unique comfort. It is intended to create a truly family nest, and not to demonstrate an image or status. You can create a hugge hug, which means comfort that radiates happiness, on your own. The purchase of natural materials and high-quality furniture involves some costs, but the result is worth it and will certainly delight all family members.