The name of the filling process comes from the tool with which it is carried out - the spatula. But it is obvious that for most people this word was difficult to pronounce, and the words derived from it were transformed into putty and putty. In the dictionaries, there are both variants of the name of the work associated with the application of the putty mixture to the walls. Therefore, you can not bother, how is it right: putty or putty? Video: do-it-yourself putty walls under the wallpaper, in turn, will help you navigate the nuances of this process.
- 1 Types of bases
- 2 Types and compositions of putty mixtures
- 3 Video: do-it-yourself wall putty for wallpaper
- 4 Conclusion
Types of bases
In order to start finishing the walls with a liquid mixture, it is necessary to carry out preparatory measures. They largely depend on the type of substrate, but the general rule remains the same: the surface must be clean and free of any loose build-up. The ideal option is a bare wall with high-quality plaster applied.
Finishing leveling of walls with putty or putty can be carried out on wood, concrete or brick. A concrete base, if it is even, and there are no large differences in the level of the plaster, can be considered ready for processing. In this case, it is the turn of applying putty materials on concrete substrates. They contain epoxy and other types of building resins, as well as polyvinyl acetate. In the instructions on how to putty walls under the wallpaper with your own hands, the video clearly demonstrates how to print and apply the material.
It is easier to work with brick bases. To do this, you can use a putty of any composition, including those intended for concrete. Mixes for wood materials are based on drying oil or acrylic primers. But for the owner of the premises where the repair is being carried out, it is important not only to determine the type of surface, but also with what materials they will have to be processed. After plastering, the walls must be completely suitable for painting or wallpapering.
Types and compositions of putty mixtures
The price of wall putty under the wallpaper depends on the contractor. If this is a difficult job, it is better to entrust it to professionals. Redoing can cost twice as much.Here, not only professionalism is important, but also experience, which will tell you what type of mixture and in what proportions it is necessary to apply in one place or another.
According to the principle of using, putties are universal, special, starting and finishing.
This type of material combines many positive qualities. They are lightweight and easy to use in draft and face formats. Such material can be used to compensate for minor distortions. Also, the versatility of the material is confirmed by the fact that it has high adhesiveness on any type of substrate.
In the video of do-it-yourself wall putty under the wallpaper, you can see that this putty is used where the finishing type putty is powerless. It makes no sense to use a special putty for flat surfaces. Its task is to penetrate deep between the joints of drywall panels or into corners and cracks. Such material provides ventilation of the material in places where deep seams are blocked. It also has expanding properties.
It is easy to guess that this will be a reliable material that covers the surface of the walls with a layer of up to two and a half centimeters. The smoothness of the surfaces and the absence of roughness provides an increased plasticity of the mixture.
They are applied to the walls in a thin layer and, after drying, are rubbed off. After that, the surface becomes even, smooth and ideal for the application of subsequent finishing coats or wallpaper. You should not try to level the walls with this material. It will help you to correct the base after applying a starting layer of putty.
According to the degree of readiness, all mixtures can be divided into two large groups - dry and ready-made.
Dry putty mixtures are cheap, do not require special storage conditions and are easily prepared for use. To do this, you need to do everything as indicated in the instructions. Putty in a ready-to-use state is more expensive. Its use is convenient, the mixture can be divided into portions. The disadvantage is that it is poorly and not stored for long, losing its qualities. For the finished putty mixture, it is important to observe the temperature regime.
Video: do-it-yourself wall putty for wallpaper
The base of the concrete wall must be completely cleaned of frozen lumps of masonry mortar. After that, oil stains are washed away, dirt and dust are removed. Preventive rinsing with water is recommended. After the walls are dry, they are treated with a primer that contains quartz granules. This substance improves the adhesion of the surface of the walls, making them slightly rough. Plastered walls under wallpaper is valuable in that it extends their life on any wall surfaces.
Features of working on wooden surfaces
If we talk about wooden walls, then they also need finishing with putties or putties. Roughness can be smoothed out with an abrasive paper, tarry areas can be smoothed and removed, and degreased. In this case, the tree must be in a dried state. After applying the putty, it takes time for it to dry.
Then it is rubbed, which gives it a roughness, just like in the case of concrete walls.If it is necessary to make the texture of the wood visible and not leave a single gap, then it is recommended to use a putty with an acrylic composition on a water basis. While maintaining the appearance of a wooden surface, this material creates reliable protection against external influences on a wooden surface. With the help of a video of do-it-yourself puttying of walls under wallpaper, you can significantly save on repair work.
Features of puttying brick surfaces
Plastering walls has a lot in common with plastering work. It should be aligned according to the beacons, as shown in the video of do-it-yourself wall putty under the wallpaper. The starting putty should be slightly thicker because it is applied in a thicker layer than the finishing coat. Of the tools for such purposes, large and small trowels, a rule, spatulas of various sizes and purposes, including angular, rollers, brushes and other devices are used.
The set is not much different from the one used for plastering walls. First, a multi-layer mortar is applied to the walls, which is leveled with a rule. After drying, a primer is applied. The layer thickness of the finishing putty is about 0.4 mm. After drying, the walls are wiped and the surface is ready for wallpapering.
Features of puttying concrete surfaces
Concrete walls, like brick ones, differ little from one another. The main dissimilarity of concrete walls is that the use of a primer with quartz admixture is a prerequisite for work. This is necessary in order for smooth surfaces to acquire the necessary roughness, and on them it could be reliably wallpapering... The putty is applied in several stages. As a starting mixture, universal formulations can be used.
With their help, shallow pits are filled, cracks are closed. The primary layer must dry for at least a day, and only after that it can be cleaned, dust removed and primed. The number of finishing putties is also determined during the work. Sometimes one is enough, but two are better. If the walls are putty under wallpaper, then you can get by with one layer of primer. At least two treatments are required under the paint.
The price of wall putty for wallpaper is significantly different, since for its implementation you can use the services of masters, or, having studied the video materials, do it yourself. The difference in costs will turn out to be significant. If the landlord has a serious intention to make a putty with his own hands, he will definitely succeed.
Among the important points that should not be forgotten is the choice of material for puttying. It must be of high quality. If you putty the walls with your own hands, saving on operating costs allows you not to save on the quality of materials. And with good materials it is much easier to work even for a beginner. And one more thing - try to buy all materials from one manufacturer.