Currently, it is often necessary to resort to forced zoning of an apartment or house. There are a large number of design solutions to visually increase the space of the premises. Thanks to the booming construction industry, architects and designers often use glass to achieve their goals. A glass partition is a popular modern way to organize space.
- 1 Interior glass partitions: material characteristics, types of structures
- 2 Glass partitions in an apartment: a solution to the problem of unsuccessful planning
- 3 Glass partition for non-residential premises: an office classic
Interior glass partitions: material characteristics, types constructions
Glass partitions for zoning space take up little space, but at the same time visually increase the area of the room. Thanks to the special processing, the glass used for the partition is reliable and safe. Tempered glass or triplex is most often used to create blocks. In the first case, the sheets are heat treated in a special oven. Triplex is also called laminated glass. It consists of several layers of such material, glued together with a special resin.
There are different options for attaching glass blocks for partitions. Not only stationary partitions are used, but also sliding, as well as suspended structures. Interior sliding glass partitions installed using the rails along which they move. And the suspension systems are attached to the upper profile of the partition by means of carriages, which makes it possible not to make sills at the bottom of the fastening. Thus, frameless glazing becomes also thresholdless.
In addition, with the help of glass decoration, you can easily embody any design idea. The material can be transparent, matte, tinted. With the help of architectural film, a suitable image, ornament, logo or inscription can be easily applied to glass. Today you can find the most unexpected solutions in the photo of glass partitions in the apartment and office.
Safety and Security of Tempered Glass Zoning Glass Partitions
Glass partitions for zoning space in a room are made of durable material that is safe to use. Most often it is tempered glass, the thickness of which is on average 10-12 mm. Its main advantage over "raw" material is that tempered glass does not break into sharp cutting fragments. If damaged, it crumbles into fragments that resemble balls.
The shards serve as a kind of indicator for the material. If they are approximately the same size and rounded edges, then it can be argued that this glass is of excellent quality. It is extremely durable and safe to use. Thus, the possibility of injury by the material is excluded. That is why it is used not only to create partitions, but also for other structures.
The hardening effect of the material is achieved by heating raw glass to a temperature of about 640-650 ° C. For this purpose, craftsmen use a special oven in which the sheets of glass move in a certain way until they reach the desired temperature. They then cool down quickly in the cooling section. In this case, the outer glass layer cools faster, thereby creating compressive stress on the outside. And from the inside in the hot material there is a tensile stress. To redistribute the stress forces of the glass, it is annealed.
It is important to know! In rare cases, tempering the glass leads to self-destruction. This is facilitated by nickel-sulfide compounds that are in the composition of the material.
In the process of such heat treatment, the material for the partition with glass acquires the necessary properties. It is very important to choose real masters of their craft, because with poor-quality processing, many defects appear. The main one is considered to be optical distortion of glass. It appears in the case of uneven heat distribution over the material, as well as when using the wrong temperature in general.
Manufacturing of glass partitions from triplex. Technology "Smart Glass»
The triplex manufacturing process consists in gluing several layers of glass with a special polymer. Due to its properties, it does not allow the material to collapse under physical impact. At the same time, the transparency and transmission capacity of the glass are preserved. If damaged, it does not scatter into fragments, but sticks to the interlayer material. For gluing, polyvinyl butyral (or PVB) is most often used. The finished product has positive characteristics due to the chemical bonds between glass and PVB that occur during the manufacturing process.
Currently, the following types of triplex material are distinguished:
- "Smart glass".
Laminated glass is produced using a special technology. First, the connected layers are passed through rollers, after which the plates are processed in a thermal chamber. This is necessary in order to remove air and strengthen the laminated glass sheet. The assembly process takes place under a pressure of approximately 8-12 bar. In this case, the temperature ranges from 100 to 150 ° C.
There are simpler ways to create triplex using rubber and polyvinyl chloride. The price per m² of a glass partition made with such materials is low. Glass sheets are simply filled with rubber, which is dried with ultraviolet light.The main problem is that rubber discolors due to environmental influences. And the connection of layers using PVC is simply unreliable. After a few years, the glass will peel off, since the connection between the glass and PVC sheets is only mechanical.
Partitions made of triplex, if damaged, do not crumble with sharp fragments. They hang on the bonding layer, excluding the possibility of injury. Blocks of this material are available in thickness from 6 to 40 mm. The load level on laminated glass is approximately 200-300 kg / m2... If the required density of fasteners is achieved, this material will have excellent sound insulation.
Smart glass is an electrochromic glass made using high technologies. Its main feature is light control. When the smart glass is turned off, it transmits no more than 7-8% of light. When switched on, the transparency of such a wall reaches 80%. The interlayer film is made of liquid crystals that change the properties of the structure when exposed to electricity. Moreover, the power consumption of such a product does not exceed 7 W / m2.
Plexiglas partition: extruded acrylic and decoracryl
Organic glass (plexiglass) is an excellent solution for high-quality zoning of space. For the manufacture of such partitions, acrylic glass with a thickness of 0.5-25 mm is used. It can be completely transparent or matte. Its popular variety can be considered extrusion plexiglass, covered with a layer of amalgam. In the process of developing the production of the material, the craftsmen learned to melt decorative ornaments into its layers. This type of partition is called decoracryl.
Thus, using plexiglass to organize space is not only convenient, but also beautiful. Any pattern can be applied to the plexiglass surface. Curly partitions easily fit into any style of the room. They are widely used not only at home. You can often find plexiglass installed in offices, shopping centers, museums, galleries, verandas, etc.
Due to its strength, organic glass partitions can be installed not only with a metal frame, but also made of all-glass. Moreover, they can be not only stationary. Sliding systems are mobile and organize the usable space in the most profitable way. Depending on the type of mechanism, such movable plexiglass structures are distinguished:
Frosted glass partitions in the interior: the subtleties of manufacturing
A glass partition in a room is most often used to delimit an area. Therefore, the transparency of glass is rarely relevant. Indeed, sometimes the partition performs the function of separating a separate place in the room. Then the main task of zoning an apartment or office will be the desire to close the internal space from prying eyes.
Many years ago, craftsmen figured out how to make the interior partition opaque. When it is necessary to limit the visibility of a certain room, opaque glass with a rough surface is used to create structures. To obtain a matte effect, the material is most often processed by the following methods:
- chemical etching;
With the help of modern technologies, you can not only mat the material, but also apply a certain pattern or pattern to it.Decoration does not increase the cost of glass partitions much, since the methods of matting are quite economical. In addition to chemical etching and sandblasting, a matting film is used to create the pattern.
Application of film is considered a budgetary way of artistic decoration. It is easy to stick to the glass surface. If it is necessary to obtain a glossy pattern on frosted glass, the entire surface of the sheet is pasted over with a film. Then the desired figured drawing is cut out with a special tool. Matting film is a very popular solution for shopping centers and office buildings. Due to its versatility, such a glass wall will perfectly fit into any interior.
The simplest is the method of chemical processing of glass with acid-containing pastes. You can make them yourself. However, instead of pastes, specialized liquids for glass matting are increasingly used. Preference is given to European manufacturers who are known for high quality goods. Imported matting liquids do not leave streaks and make it easier for craftsmen to work with large sheets of glass.
Chemical etching is the impact on the surface of a material with a chemical solution containing hydrofluoric acid. Thus, a high-quality haze is achieved with a minimum level of roughness. Due to the fact that the chemical substance changes the surface structure, this type of matting is the most durable. To apply a pattern, a stencil is used, on which a fat solution is applied before the procedure.
Helpful advice! Hydrofluoric acid destroys any glass. If there is a need to store the solution at home, then ebonite or rubber dishes are suitable for this.
The advantage of this method is that it allows you to quickly process a large area of material of any shape. The aqueous solution contains 40% hydrogen fluoride, which affects all metals except gold and platinum. The complexity of chemical processing is that it is very difficult to achieve a uniformly etched surface, since the pattern cannot be removed or erased.
Serious preparation from the master requires sandblasting matting of a glass partition. The price of the tool itself, as well as the associated glass sheet rack and dust protection equipment, is high. However, all these components are necessary for high-quality and safe material processing. The process itself is not very complicated, but it requires some skill.
A sheet of glass is installed on a special stand, which will be frosted. A soft felt interlayer is used to secure the glass block so as not to damage the material under the pressure of the apparatus. It is precisely because of the difficulties of fixing that figured blocks and non-standard glass fragments are not matted by sandblasting. The drawing is created using a stencil, which is removed after the procedure.
Benefits and use cases. Materials for manufacturing and prices for models. Self-assembly.
Pressure is created, due to which abrasive sand particles are blown onto the surface of the material with a strong jet of air. Due to the fact that sand acts on the glass surface mechanically, the master can adjust the depth and intensity of processing. To do this, simply increase or decrease the pressure at the sandblaster, and you can also change the grain size of the sand used.
The disadvantage of sandblasting matting is the excessive roughness of the treated surface. Because of this, dust strongly settles on it and various microparticles adhere. In order to avoid such problems, the matted material is coated with a special varnish. Fingerprints remain on sandblasted glass. Therefore, the glass partition for zoning in the room must be constantly looked after.
Glass partitions in the apartment: solving the problem of poor planning
In order to increase the useful area of an apartment, it is not necessary to demolish or build heavy walls. There are many techniques to optimize your home space. A modern solution for all types of premises is glass interior partitions. They will fit into any interior, harmoniously complement the design project.
Glass partitions are made in almost any size. Their height can be up to 4 m, and their width is unlimited. Everything will depend on how the material will be fixed. This type of walls does not require complex and long-term construction work. Therefore, architects and designers are advised to install stationary or sliding interior glass partitions in the apartment. The installation price does not require serious financial costs. These structures do not need to be registered with government agencies, since they are considered collapsible.
With the help of interior blocks, you can solve a lot of problems with the organization of space. For example, divide one spacious room into two zones for rest and work. It is also easy to create two autonomous children's territories from the same room if children are uncomfortable living together due to age or gender. Glass partitions in a studio-type apartment are an indispensable zoning tool. With the help of such a device, you can delimit the useful area of the room as comfortably and harmoniously as possible.
Glass structures have many advantages. The main advantage for residents of apartment buildings with small rooms will be the compactness of glass partitions in the apartment. The price differs in its affordability compared to the organization of construction work for the construction of traditional interior walls. In addition, there are many options for sliding glass partitions for an apartment.
It is very easy to order a glass partition. The market is filled with a lot of offers. At the same time, designers are ready to choose the right color, style and shape of the structure for any project. With the help of tempered glass or triplex, you can competently and functionally decorate the kitchen, nursery, office and other rooms. The airy glass partitions of the loft will create a light, relaxed atmosphere in the room..
Glass partition for non-residential premises: office classics
Office partitions made of glass have not lost their popularity for many years. It is easy and convenient to organize your workspace with their help. Glass is suitable for zoning small offices when it is necessary to create several individual workplaces. Installation of glass office partitions in premises with a large area is no less relevant. At the same time, the space will not be cluttered, and the maximum amount of light will visually emphasize all the advantages of a large office.
Note! Many large companies are of the opinion that office transparency symbolizes the transparency of business processes.
The organization of the office workspace in the coworking style is gaining popularity. With such a layout, excellent sound insulation properties should be noted. glass doors and partitions. Most often, coworking involves the neighborhood of completely different areas of professional activity. This increases the productivity of employees and encourages intense communication between colleagues. Thanks to good sound insulation, people working in separate boxes on different projects will not interfere with each other.
There are different types of installation and fittings for glass partitions. In a modern office, preference is given to mobile partitions. With their help, you can easily change the environment in the room depending on the goals. The glass blocks are moved on special mechanical systems. You can assemble the partition, move it, and control the amount of light in the office.
There are two systems for installing frameless glazing: sliding and suspended. Glass sliding partitions are widely used for office zoning. The partition leaves move in parallel along the rails. Most often, three- and five-leaf structures are used. Each of the parts moves along one rail, due to which they are "packed" one after the other. Thus, the space opens up to 75-80%. In this case, the sashes are compactly assembled on the sides of the system.
Depending on the characteristics of the room and the features of operation, different threshold heights are used. In the classic office version, glass sliding doors and partitions with a 7 mm sill are usually installed. It does not create obstacles for walking, while it is quite reliable in operation. You can also choose a more advanced system equipped with an additional roller seal. The height of the threshold in this version will reach approximately 12 mm. With all the positive qualities, the price of sliding glass partitions remains affordable.
The basis for fixing glass partitions is aluminum profiles. The suspension system for installing such products involves fixing the sashes to the upper profile. Thanks to this design, frameless glazing will be thresholdless. It allows you to completely remove the boundaries of the room, and "park" the shutters in a special place. Thus, you can maximize the opening in the room. There are also types of fasteners in which there is no parking zone, which allows you to completely remove the opening.
Due to the fact that glass transmits light well, the office space will always be airy and light. In this case, glass partitions in the office can be made frosted. This option is used when there is a need to create a more confidential environment. Usually frosted glass is used for management offices or accounting employees. or accounting staff.
Glass walls in an apartment or office are a modern design solution. The design most harmoniously fits into high-tech and modern interiors. The growing popularity of the installation of glass partitions is due to the fact that over the past 15 years the glass production process has been improved: it has become even more reliable.