Pools are artificial reservoirs of water that do not have a natural cleaning system. Stagnation of liquid leads to the accumulation of various harmful impurities, such as bacteria, dust, hair, etc. To remove these contaminants, a special filtration device is used - a skimmer for the pool. To select suitable equipment, it is necessary to consider the types of such cleaning devices and their features.
- 1 How skimmer pools differ from overflow pools
- 2 Pool skimmer: what it is and what functions it performs
- 3 Pool skimmer: design features
- 4 Skimmer: what is it, types of filtration devices
- 5 Pool skimmers Intex: American quality at an affordable price
- 6 Bastway: skimmers that are easy to use
- 7 Installation rules for various types of skimmers
- 8 How to make a skimmer for a pool with your own hands
How skimmer pools differ from overflow pools
Many people do not have a sufficient understanding of what pool options exist today. By design, tanks of this type are divided into two types:
Overflow pools are distinguished by their spectacular appearance. In such artificial reservoirs, the upper water line is located at the same level with the sides. The arrangement of such a reservoir is a rather difficult task from an engineering point of view. This is reflected in the total cost of the pool. The skimmer type of pools has a more attractive cost, which is reflected in its popularity.
Overflow tanks function as follows: water overflowing over the side subsequently enters a special chute. After that, it flows into the tank, where it is purified from impurities formed during the operation of the pool. At the end of the filtration, it returns through the bottom nozzles to the tank bowl.
What is a skimmer? Pools equipped with such filtration units have smaller dimensions and a simplified design. The skimmer includes an emergency overflow system. Due to it, the water level in the tank is regulated. As a rule, the upper water line is located 15-25 cm below the boards.
Note! One skimmer-type filtration system is capable of filtering 25-35 m² of water area. Thus, the number of installations is selected depending on the dimensions of the artificial reservoir.
In this case, filtration is carried out by means of a mesh basket, which is an integral part of the system. Let's take a closer look at the filtering process itself. First, the upper layer of liquid enters the treatment equipment. Then the water is filtered and disinfected. After that, the liquid that has passed the cleaning procedure is returned to the reservoir.
The main advantage of pools equipped with skimmers is that all the necessary elements of the filtration system in this case are located in the bowl. In turn, when arranging an overflow pool, the construction of an additional room is required, in which the treatment plant will be located. The design of the overflow basin affects the final construction cost. It is also worth noting that such artificial reservoirs require more careful maintenance.
Maintenance of the pool, which has a skimmer filtration system, does not require significant costs and frequent calls of qualified masters. It should be remembered that such reservoirs need periodic backwashing of the cleaning elements. The user is also obliged to ensure the maintenance of the main pipeline, which may become clogged over time.
Pool skimmer: what it is and what functions it performs
Filters of this type are widely used in the domestic market. As mentioned above, their main function is to maintain the proper purity of the water in the artificial reservoir. Let's consider in more detail what other functions this equipment performs.
The use of a filter of this type allows in the future to connect a hydraulic vacuum cleaner, which is used to remove dirt from the bottom of the pool. Also, with the help of a skimmer, the water level in the pool is controlled, which is a very important function.
Photos of such systems allow you to visually assess their advantages and answer the question of what a skimmer is. This device is irreplaceable for the pool. It is used to bookmark chemicals that purify the water in the tank.
With the help of such filtration units, it is possible to process up to 75% of the area of an artificial reservoir. The treatment that water goes through includes heating. After that, it returns to the pool bowl. It is important to remember that during the operation of an artificial reservoir it is necessary to control the liquid level. It should not be lower than the center line of the intake window of the device.
A pool skimmer is not only an effective device that allows you to purify water from contaminants, but also a device that prevents possible stagnation of water in the tank. The calculation of the required number of filters is based on the number of nozzles. These elements are mounted opposite the skimmers. Observance of the required balance makes it possible to ensure competent water circulation in an artificial reservoir.
Pool skimmer: design features
The skimmer is the main element of the pool filtration system. Outwardly, it resembles an empty tank, for the manufacture of which plastic is most often used. Filters made of stainless steel can also be found on sale.
A threaded connection is located in the immediate vicinity of the bottom of the product. It performs a transitional function and connects the filter with the water intake line. To answer the question of what is a skimmer for a pool, the corresponding video materials on this topic allow.On the side of such a filter there is a hole that performs a very important function, namely: it draws in liquid for its further filtration.
Filters of this type perform more than just a cleaning function. Skimmer systems heat water in an artificial reservoir. Maintaining a comfortable temperature for humans is a very important criterion for swimming pools. Thus, these devices are indispensable elements in the design of artificial reservoirs.
Such filters are most often characterized by compact dimensions. It is quite difficult to make a skimmer with your own hands. A home-assembled structure is most often characterized by low efficiency. These devices are often bundled with hand-held vacuum cleaners. A cleaning device of this type consists of the following parts:
- intake nozzles;
- coarse filter;
- pumping equipment;
- control unit;
- bottom drain for the pool.
Skimmers are classified according to different criteria. One of the most important indicators is the power of the device. When choosing a filtration device, you should also pay attention to its dimensions and the dimensions of the pool itself.
Skimmer: what is it, types of filtration devices
Depending on the design and location, there are several types of filtration devices for an artificial reservoir. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. Let's consider in more detail what options for this equipment can be found on the modern market:
Mounted skimmers for artificial reservoirs are most often made of polymer materials. Such devices are mounted on the side of the bowl. A distinctive feature of such devices is a simple design, which does not in the least reduce the overall efficiency.
Mounted models can have a return pipe. Its presence allows the device to function in two modes. The first of them is aimed at the outflow of water, and the second produces it at the end of cleaning. Experts advise using filtration devices of this type in the event that there is no desire to violate the integrity of the waterproofing of the pool bowl.
Such filtration devices are popular with the owners of Bestway inflatable pools. Skimmers for pools of this type are distinguished by an acceptable cost.
Inline and floating skimmers: equipment highlights
Built-in filter models for artificial reservoirs are mounted directly into the bowl wall. Thus, for their installation, in any case, it is required to violate the integrity of the structure at the stage of its laying. These models include drainage openings fitted with a floating damper. This element performs a delimiting function, preventing the ingress of clean water into the filter, which is usually found in the lower layers.
In order to answer the question of what a skimmer of this type looks like, it is recommended to study the corresponding pictures. Before starting the installation of such equipment, experts recommend taking into account the wind direction prevailing in a particular area. This is a very important point that allows you to improve the functional performance of the device and minimize the possibility of stagnant zones.
The latest type of pool filtration devices are floating devices. The main advantage of such filters is that they differ in a very simple installation technology. This allows you to independently install the equipment and save money.Such models are quite often used for frame tanks.
Floating pool skimmers include a special mount in their design. It allows you to change the height of the location of the filtration equipment relative to the upper water line. A bucket-shaped filtering element is located inside the container of the floating device. When purchasing such a skimmer, it is recommended to remember that this element is subject to periodic cleaning.
It is also worth mentioning that floating models include special floats. With the help of this part, debris is drawn into the filtration device. It should be noted that several adapter elements are included with the standard kit when purchasing a floating skimmer. They are required for connecting corrugated hoses.
Thus, the type of device is predetermined by its design features and installation location. When choosing one of the types of filtration equipment, it is recommended to focus on some of the nuances.
Pond skimmers: types and tips for purchasing
Treatment plants used in ponds are differentiated into types depending on the design. Configuration considerations affect the location of the device. The following types of filtration devices can be purchased for the pond:
Bottom-type cleaning equipment is very popular. Pond devices differ in design from pool skimmers. What is such a filter for? The main function of this device is to remove various debris that accumulate in the reservoir.
From the name it becomes clear that this species is usually located at the bottom of the pond. The filtration equipment platform is usually located under the bottom. It is dug in or covered with pebbles. The bottom vehicles have a pipe, the length of which is 30-80 cm.
The bottom filters are also equipped with a basket. Its function is to collect large debris. The filter of the device, unlike the platform, is located on the surface of the pond. Most of these models are height adjustable. The buyer can choose a device for both large and small reservoirs.
How to heat the water in the pool in the country. Popular types of heaters, flow systems, solar heating. Unit selection criteria.
Floating models are equipped with a special element - a float. It is necessary so that the filter does not sink in water. Effective keeping afloat of the hull with cleaning device and basket is the main task of this element. Many experts agree that the most effective device is one that includes a water aeration mode in its functionality. It is not difficult to make a floating pond skimmer with your own hands, since its design is not complicated.
Note! When choosing filtration equipment for a pool, many people are guided solely by the type of device and its price. Pool skimmers are also classified according to other indicators that are highly desirable to consider before making a purchase, namely: dimensions, power and material used for manufacturing.
Coastal fixtures are almost entirely submerged. Only a small part of the hull is above the surface. These models are traditionally installed in close proximity to the coast. The main advantage of such devices is their power.Devices of this type are suitable for cleaning large reservoirs.
Pool skimmers Intex: American quality at an affordable price
The devices that are manufactured by this American company are distinguished by high quality components. This is reflected in their operational life. It is noteworthy that the cost of these devices is not very high, so everyone can buy such a device, if desired.
The appearance of this manufacturer's filters resembles a funnel. Similar devices are used to collect waste in the pool. The work of the device is offline, which is very convenient. Pool skimmers Intex are installed on special pumps that are used for filtration work. It is important to remember that such a pump must have a good performance - at least 3028 l / h.
Models of this brand have another positive quality - ease of fixation on the sides of an artificial reservoir. Most of these devices have a lightweight body, for the manufacture of which plastic is used. The advantage of using a polymer material is its resistance to aggressive chemicals. A skimmer pool is an excellent solution that will save the owners from the need for time-consuming cleaning work.
The cost of devices manufactured by this American company averages 850-900 rubles. The cheapest models can be purchased for 750 rubles. It is also worth noting that this company is engaged in the production of other products for swimming pools. An example is circulation pumps.
Bastway: skimmers that are easy to use
This company is one of the most popular filtration equipment for artificial water reservoirs on the market. The visitor can purchase various models of this device. This company specializes in the production of two types of cleaning devices:
Bestway skimmers for pools are distinguished by their structural simplicity and ease of use. There are several models of this equipment, which are the most popular among buyers. Special attention should be paid to the Flowclear instrument (number 58404/58199), which can be purchased in a specialized store or ordered via the Internet. Such a cleaning product is characterized by high workmanship and good performance.
It is also worth mentioning models numbered 58148 and 58381. Some Bestway pool skimmers are equipped with special devices - ozonizers. It is these models that are recommended by experts for purchase.
Devices of this brand of cartridge type perform cleaning using a special membrane made of propylene material. It is important to remember that over time, debris accumulates on it, which must be cleaned. It is desirable that the preventive cleaning of the membrane is carried out at least once every 10 days. The device models of this company are great for small artificial reservoirs.
Installation rules for various types of skimmers
Before self-installation of filtration equipment, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the basic rules that allow you to carry out the installation as competently as possible. First of all, it is worth deciding on the type of device. A suitable type of equipment is selected depending on the material of manufacture and the design of the artificial reservoir itself.
The installation of skimmers for frame pools is different from the installation of devices in concrete tanks. For the simplest inflatable pools, hinged models of filtration devices are best suited.It is recommended to place them on the windward side, as this will create the most suitable conditions for water filtration.
It should also be remembered that it is recommended to use more skimmers for indoor pools. This can be explained quite simply. Indoors, there is no natural air flow, so the efficiency of the equipment will be lower. In this case, all filtration devices must be located at the same distance from each other.
If you do not want to carry out complex installation work, you can use the mounted models of skimmers in the pool. This will save you time and labor. The most complex installation algorithm has built-in models of filtration equipment. They are mounted on the sides, which is quite difficult to do on your own, without the involvement of specialists.
Installation of a skimmer in a concrete pool: features of work
Installation of filtration devices in artificial reservoirs made of concrete has its own characteristics that require consideration. Before starting work, it is recommended to calculate the number of filtration products taking into account the pool area. One fixture can effectively clean 25 m².
It is also worth remembering that when installing one skimmer, 2 nozzles are used, the function of which is to return water. Filtration equipment manufacturers most often attach installation instructions to the devices. Therefore, all work must be carried out in accordance with this document.
When installing the skimmer in a concrete pool, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the training videos on this topic. Let's consider step by step the process of installing a filtration device in a concrete structure. First of all, you need to determine the point at which the installation will be made. Typically, skimmers are mounted at the end wall of the tank. As for the inlet pipe, it is located at the opposite wall.
Note! Before starting to pour the bead, it is necessary to insulate the flange. This manipulation will protect the part from concrete hit.
The filling of the filtration device is carried out using special fasteners. When joining the pipeline, it must be remembered that the threaded connection needs high-quality insulation.
How to install a skimmer in a concrete pool? The installation of the filtration device in the formwork is carried out by means of plates that are located on the flange. It is important to remember that the flange must be at the point corresponding to the center of the formwork. Its height is selected so that the water surface does not rise above or below the middle of the hole.
Before installation, you must read the instructions in detail
During installation, the flange must be flush with the plane of the wall of the artificial reservoir. At the end of the fixation, the film is applied. It must be cut along the inner contours of the front frame of the filtration device. Of course, it is easier to install a mounted pool skimmer, but built-in models are more reliable.
At the next stage of installing the built-in device, the front frame is installed. Next, the sealing material is fixed. In order to exclude the possibility of subsidence of the device during operation, it is necessary to fill the free space located at the rear of the skimmer with sand. The installation of the device can be done in another way - using the crossbars.
How to make a skimmer for a pool with your own hands
You can make a similar device yourself at home. In order to make an effective skimmer, you need to familiarize yourself with the assembly algorithm, as well as take into account several important recommendations of specialists.
The body of the filtration device is made of plastic or metal. When choosing a material, you should focus on individual operating conditions and personal preferences. A homemade skimmer will need to be equipped with waterproofing. This is to avoid water penetration into the device. The sealing material is made of rubber.
Do not forget that the skimmer design presupposes the presence of special containers that are used for storing chemical reagents. The inlet of the device is used to connect pumping equipment. Let us consider in more detail the procedure for assembling a filtration unit for an artificial reservoir.
How to choose pool chemistry? Today there are many brands that are engaged in the production of quality chemicals for artificial water tanks. Thus, making the choice and purchasing the necessary reagents is quite simple. The main thing to focus on is consumer reviews on the network.
The first step is to cut a funnel at the bottom of the filter tank. It is needed to take water, which will be further purified. Then a special mesh is mounted on top of the funnel. When choosing it, special attention should be paid to the size of the cells. This mesh is necessary for collecting large debris, such as leaves.
It is important to remember that this assembly algorithm is applicable to bottom devices. Self-assembly of a skimmer for a concrete pool looks different. In such designs, built-in models of treatment units are most often installed.
At the next stage of assembly, it is necessary to lay down containers that are used as containers for chemicals that purify water. Then the strainer is installed. Its function is to coarsely purify the liquid within the artificial reservoir. You can make such a filter yourself, but experts recommend purchasing it separately, since it is too important a component of the system.
In the tank of a self-made pond skimmer, it is necessary to make a hole that will be designed for joining a hose, which is a transition element between the filter and a circulation pump. After assembling the filtration device, you will need to install it on the bottom of the reservoir.
Timely pool cleaning is an important activity that should never be ignored. Skimmer is a simple and effective modern solution that allows you to maintain the required level of cleanliness in an artificial reservoir. When choosing a cleaning device, take into account the individual characteristics of the pool.