Any pool in the country or near a private house needs proper and regular maintenance. Water is a good breeding ground for bacteria. Dust, foliage and various debris get into outdoor pools in windy weather. The improper maintenance of the reservoir will lead to the fact that it becomes cloudy, begins to bloom and turns into a swamp, which also exudes an unpleasant odor. One of the methods of care is pool water disinfection tablets.
Swimming pool care methods
There are several options for maintaining your pool water. They are divided into physical, chemical and electrophysical. The first option includes various devices and devices, such as nets, brushes or vacuum cleaners for the pool. With your own hands, with the help of a net, all small debris is literally caught from the surface of the water. And the dirt that has settled on the bottom and walls of the bowl is removed with a vacuum cleaner.
Contaminants that are inaccessible to the human eye are removed by a specially installed filter... To clean up with filter was of high quality, it is necessary that the pumping equipment worked for at least 6 hours. Pool filters are sand, cartridge and diatoms. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The electrophysical method of pool maintenance consists in the use of the latest devices: water ozonizers, ultraviolet lamps, ionizers of silver and copper. Each of these devices eliminates a certain group of contaminants, therefore, for maximum effect, it is necessary to use these devices in combination, which is quite expensive.
Useful advice! If your pool is large in size, using an ultraviolet lamp to disinfect water is not economically viable.
The most affordable and popular way to disinfect water is the chemical method. Chemicals target different types of bacteria and contaminants. For effective cleaning, it is necessary to select a composition containing chlorine, active oxygen or bromine. The most commonly used products are disinfection tablets. The action of the tablets will be enough to keep the pool water from turning green.
Pool water turns green: what to do?
There are a number of reasons why pool water blooms. These include:
- the presence of organic substances in the water - dust, foliage, dry grass and other small debris get into the outdoor pools. All this creates an excellent environment for microorganisms;
- comfortable temperature - warm water in the pool promotes intensive reproduction of algae and bacteria;
- sunlight - water bloom occurs in the hottest and sunniest weather. At this time, a process of very rapid growth and distribution of blue-green algae is observed.
The danger of the appearance of algae exists not only in open water bodies, but also in closed-type pools. What measures should be taken to prevent water blooming in various types of pools? First of all, it must be remembered that the guarantee of clean water in your pool is stable disinfection using special chemical compounds.
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Depending on the dose and the drugs used, a distinction is made between emergency (shock) and prophylactic disinfection.
What is the best pool chemistry to use?
Chemicals for the care of artificial reservoirs are used to clean filters and inflatable bowls, frame, as well as self-built pools from scrap materials. The following types of funds for the maintenance of pools can be distinguished:
- disinfectants - used to treat water in order to prevent the development of viruses and bacteria harmful to the human body. Also, their use prevents the spread of fungi and blue-green algae. They contain active chlorine, bromine or oxygen. For the purpose of a permanent effect, long-acting tablets and liquids are used;
- algicides - chemical agents for the destruction of existing algae, as well as preventing their appearance. The use of algaecides is especially important for outdoor pools;
- means for normalizing the pH balance - these substances normalize the level of hydrogen ions to the optimal value. PH deviations negatively affect the performance of the filter system and the function of other chemicals.
The current and most effective method of shock treatment of liquids from bacteria are pool tablets. So that water does not bloom, and in the case of long-term treatment, long-acting drugs are used, which every day dosed out the required amount of the active substance.
Useful advice! If the pool is located indoors, it is recommended to ventilate it during processing.
The tablets "Longafor" produced in Russia are quite effective. The dosage of one tablet is 20 g. The drug is completely dissolved in water and immediately begins to act. If, while swimming in the pool, you smell chlorine, irritate the skin and eyes, this is a sign of a lack of the active ingredient. In this case, shock treatment is performed and after 12 hours it will be possible to swim in the pool again.
Algae control is especially important in outdoor pools where replacing or adding fresh water does not help. The walls and bottom of the reservoir are covered with a greenish bloom, become slippery, the water in the pool blooms. What to do? Algaecide will help to cope with the problem, which can not only destroy algae, but also prevent their formation.
The algicide is supplied in plastic cans with a capacity of 1.5 and 10 liters.The composition of the drug is active without forming foam. In addition to the function of killing algae, algicide has a bactericidal and antifungal effect. Before treating the pool water with the drug, you must read the manufacturer's instructions and the recommended dosages.
Tablets for the pool for water disinfection: how to clean the pool in the country with your own hands?
Pools for seasonal use in the country should not be left untreated, especially if it is an open reservoir. Foliage from trees located in the immediate vicinity falls into the water, and after being saturated with liquid, it settles to the bottom. If not removed in time, it forms a dense and slippery mass at the bottom. In addition, when hard water is fed into the bowl, limescale builds up on the walls. All this makes swimming in the pool unpleasant and even hazardous to health.
Before cleaning the water in the pool in the country, it is necessary to remove dirt from the walls and bottom of the bowl, as well as from the overflow gutters. The frequency of maintenance of the pools depends on the load of the bowl. If the container is small, which is operated by a family of 2-3 people, processing is done once every 2-3 weeks. Large reservoirs are cleaned up to 3 times a week, taking into account the degree of pollution.
For mechanical cleaning, brushes or a bottom vacuum cleaner with attachments of various shapes are used. In addition, the cleaning filter must be washed. To do this, use the mode of reverse movement of water, in which water is supplied from the bottom up and all contaminants go to the sewer. After flushing the filter, the sand is laid in it evenly by the movement of water from top to bottom under low pressure.
Useful advice! The water in the small inflatable children's pools should be changed every day.
Further, algicides are used - agents for the prevention and destruction of algae, various bacteria and fungus. Various chlorine or oxygen tablets are used to disinfect water. The dosage of drugs depends on whether the primary treatment is carried out or prophylactic. Below is a table describing the action of some drugs:
|Kemochlor-T, long-acting water disinfection tablets||Active chlorine 90%||Shock and preventive disinfection of water in pools with a capacity of over 20 m³||Slow dissolving tablets, 200 g, used for water of any hardness||Store in container in a cool, dark place out of reach of children|
|All-in-One Multi-Tablets for Algae Removal and Pool Disinfection||Active chlorine 80%||Long-term disinfection, dosed with a float capsule or skimmer||Multifunctional tablets, 20 g each, used for water of any hardness||Do not throw into water - the bowl material may discolor|
|Kemochlor-SN, tablets for disinfection of water in swimming pools and drinking water||Active chlorine 70%||For primary and long-term treatment, they are dosed using a float capsule or skimmer||Tablets dissolve quickly, suitable for soft water||Store in container in a cool, dark place out of reach of children|
|Aquablanc 02, pool water disinfection tablets||Active oxygen tablets||Primary and subsequent types of water disinfection in swimming pools with a capacity of less than 20 m³||Tablets of 20 g, used mainly in indoor swimming pools, chlorine-free||Store in a dark place with a loose lid, keep out of the reach of children|
|Kemochlor-T65, tablets for shock disinfection of water in swimming pools||Active chlorine 50%||For shock and long-term treatment, dosed with a float capsule or skimmer||Chlorine stabilized tablets completely dissolve, have a neutral pH, suitable for hard water||Do not mix the preparation with other chemicals!|
How to remove iron from pool water?
Another problem waiting for the owners suburban pools, is the cloudiness of water from rust. In the case when the bowl is filled from the water supply, the liquid is purified and does not contain a large volume of chemicals. This water is quite suitable for use in home swimming pools. However, not all summer residents have such an opportunity.
Pools in suburban conditions are often filled with water from wells or wells: the chemical composition of such an environment contains a large amount of iron, which, when oxidized, settles to the bottom in the form of rust and gives the water an unpleasant color. Before filling the pool, it is necessary to analyze the water composition. If it contains a lot of calcium and iron, a special filter should be purchased.
How to clean the water in the pool, which contains iron and calcium? There are several options for such cleaning. One of them is to let the water settle and remove the sediment from the rust mechanically. The second option is to oxidize iron. For this, instant chlorine is used, which is diluted in a shock dose in a small container and poured into the pool.
Useful advice! For an even distribution of chlorine throughout the reservoir, it is necessary to turn on the filter unit in circulation mode.
If the iron content in the water is very high, the dose of the disinfectant should be doubled. After a while, the iron will settle to the bottom of the bowl as a sediment and can be removed. This procedure can be repeated if necessary.
To simplify the maintenance of the private pool, owners are advised to purchase a tester. It can be used to check the amount of disinfectants in the water, as well as the pH level (pH). Based on the tester's data, you can find out how much cleaning agent needs to be added to the water.
During the operation and maintenance of artificial reservoirs, it is important to maintain a normal pH value. For disinfectants to work effectively, the pH must be within the normal range of 7.2 to 7.4. When using the pool, the pH value increases, therefore it must be adjusted. This can be done with acidic pH-lowering agents.
Manufacturers offer a huge range of pool chemicals. Correctly selected means and methods of cleaning will be the key to clean and fresh water in your personal pond. After all, it is easier to regularly maintain the pool water in perfect condition than trying to clean the bowl of sediment, limescale and algae.